Toadfarm on Base Debian: An absolutely minimal multi-tenant webserver
Here we create an absolutely minimal multi-tenant webserver, without even installing Apache or NginX. Although we can add either of those later, with our content running under them as reverse proxies, this tutorial lets you run one or more Mojolicious "apps" mounted under a single toadfarm startup script, saving you the "default perl memory" times the number of worker processes and apps.
We will b using Jan Henning Thorsen's Toadfarm:
Toadfarm is a module for configuring and starting your Mojolicious applications. You can either combine multiple applications in one script, or just use it as a init script.
First, perform a Debian Netinstall on a virtual machine or virtual host. The only modification to all the default selections is to enable only "Standard System Utilities" and disable desktop, database, mail, print, file, and web server. We will be building our own of all those!
Now boot up into that absolutely stock, base machine. For illustration,
we will assume your username is
gronk − change this as necessary.
First let's install a few system packages (ssh for access; curl for
installing Perlbrew et al; sudo for convenience;
build-essential for GCC, Make, and the compiler tools; and the no-X
version of emacs because I've
been using it since 1980):
$ su # apt-get install sudo ssh curl build-essential emacs-nox # usermod -a -G sudo <em>gronk</em> # exit
Now we install our Perlbrew environment as the user:
$ \curl -L http://install.perlbrew.pl | bash $ echo source ~/perl5/perlbrew/etc/bashrc >> ~/.bash_profile $ perlbrew install 5.22.0 -j5
The -j5 means use five processes for the Make. Then:
$ perlbrew switch 5.22.0 $ perlbrew install-cpanm $ curl -L https://cpanmin.us | perl - -M https://cpan.metacpan.org -n Mojolicious $ cpanm Toadfarm
jhthorsen explains how this goes together:
You can't run individual apps inside toadfarm as different user, but you can start toadfarm as root and change to a different user.
This is true of Mojolicious generally ](https://metacpan.org/pod/Mojo::Server#user) .
In particular, we create an Init script with a #! (hashbang) that points to our user's "brewed" Perl. From the documentation:
Remember that the hashbang can be anything, so if you have Toadfarm and Mojolicious running under
plenv ](https://github.com/tokuhirom/plenv) or Perlbrew you need to change the hashbang part…
So we change our Init script to start with:
Then in the Toadfarm script called by the Init script, which is started as root, we do the switch to our user (called some-www-user in the documentation, gronk here):
#/usr/bin/env perl use Toadfarm -init; # … start [qw( http://*:80 https://*:443 )], user => "<em>gronk</em>", group => "<em>www</em>";
From the documentation:
Changing user has one implication: The workers will not use some-www-user's secondary groups. So if "some-www-user" is part of the "www" and "db" groups, then the process will only be run as "some-www-user" part of the "www" group.
See also the IRC log for 26 April 2014.